The first written mention of Nyiregyhaza refers to 1209, while still called Nir (Hung nyír - birch). In 1236 a settlement was already a church, hence the name of the second half (Hung egyház - church). In the middle of the XV century settlement employs about 400 people. In the XVI century the city was destroyed by the Turks and was deserted in the middle of XVII century was re-populated.
Nyíregyháza - a city in northeastern Hungary, the administrative center of county Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg. Population 117,658 people., The seventh largest city in Hungary.